What is Roz Maamar or Egyptian Baked Rice?
This rice is traditionally made in the south of Egypt. It’s made in a clay pot known as a bram. This rice is loaded with butter, heavy cream, beef (or chicken), and clotted cream. Once this rice bake it gets tender in the center and slighty crispy on the edges. Some think of it as a savory rice pudding.
If you have never tried clotted cream, you’re missing out! To make clotted cream, you boil heavy cream, the skin/top layer that forms is clotted cream. In the US you can buy it in specialty stores. If you can’t find it, creme fraîche is a great substitute. If you can’t find that either, feel free to substitute with more heavy cream, or milk.
Clotted cream is common in the Middle East and the UK. It is served with a side of bread and jam. It’s SO rich and creamy. In the UK it is called Devonshire Cream, they serve it with scones and jam.
Just to give you an idea of the richness, whole milk is 4% milk fat, heavy cream is 36% milk fat, and clotted cream has a 48%!
Egyptian Baked Rice aka Roz Maamar
- 4 cups short grain rice
- 8 tbsp room temperature butter
- 1 cup sour cream
- 1 tbsp sea salt
- 2-3 tsp black pepper more or less to taste
- 1 cup heavy cream or whole milk
- 1 cup *clotted cream aka ishta
- 2 cups beef broth
- Preheat oven to 350 degrees F.
- Wash the rice until water runs clear. Do not skip this step!
- In a bowl, add rice, salt and pepper. Mix until rice is combined with the salt and pepper.
- In a 4 qt dutch oven add butter and spread until the inside is completely coated. Add sour cream and do the same. Make sure to spread an even layer across the inside of the dutch oven.
- Add rice, heavy cream (or milk), clotted cream (see note below), and broth. Cover and cook for 2 hours. Remove from oven and serve immediately.
-If you don’t have a dutch oven you can use any enameled pot.
-If you don’t plan on serving right away. Wrap the dutch oven with a big blanket or towel. Yes, it sounds crazy but the dutch oven will retain the temperature for hours. The steam inside will keep the rice nice and tender!
-You can also add tender braised beef before it is baked.
-We initially baked this at 375 degrees F. It worked great in our oven, however, many mentioned that it was too high and the rice got too crispy.